France sends gas to Germany, another step towards energy solidarity

France has been delivering gas to Germany since October 13. In return, Berlin has undertaken to supply it with more electricity to compensate for its flagging nuclear production. The unprecedented agreement between the two countries, which was signed at the beginning of September by French President Emmanuel Macron and the German Chancellor Olaf Scholz, was presented as both a concrete step and symbol of the “energy solidarity” at work in Europe to overcome a winter without Russian energy.
Energy exchanges are already commonplace within the European Union, thanks to a densely interconnected network. This system, which has been evolving continuously since the end of the 1990s, allows European countries to exchange energy according to their needs France uses less electricity in summer than in winter, unlike Italy, where air conditioning use is more widespread. In summer, France exports a large amount of its electricity production to its Italian neighbour and the trend reverses as soon as the cold weather returns.