President Joko Widodo (Jokowi) embarked on a peace-building mission to Ukraine and Russia on June 29 and 30, 2022, after attending the G7 Summit for Partner Countries in Germany. Beyond the nostalgia of Bandung’s Asia Africa Conference in 1955, the motivations of Joko Widodo are multiple. On one hand, Indonesia, like other economically fragile countries, is bearing the full brunt of the consequences of war, against the backdrop of a food crisis which may have political consequences. On the other hand, as president of the G20, he became aware of the opportunity to put his country back on the international scene.
To carry out this delicate mission, Jokowi relies on the bebas-aktif to Indonesian foreign policy, inherited from the era of the non-aligned movement. Bebas means neutral, and rightly recalls the rejection of any alignment in the 1950s and 1960s. Aktif refers to the engagement of Indonesian diplomacy in the international community. More pragmatic than idealistic, the Indonesian president will use the assets at his disposal to, initially, obtain the establishment of a cereal corridor which would relieve part of humanity.